What is Coronavirus?

Coronavirus is a kind of common viruses that were first identified in the 1960s, They got their name from their crown-like shape.

It’s an upper respiratory infection that causes infection in your nose, sinuses, or upper throat, most of them are not dangerous.

  • History in Middle East

First appeared in 2012 in Saudi Arabia and then in other countries in Africa, Asia, and Europe. In early January 2020, World Health Organization identified a new type: 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in China.

By late January, there were 300 confirmed cases in China and a death count that was still in the single digits, but rising. And despite airport screenings, a traveler had brought the first case to the U.S. At least 26 people have died from a new coronavirus in China following an outbreak in the central city of Wuhan, which has a population of 11 million people.

Coronavirus habits can infect both animals and humans , and most coronaviruses are spread the same way other cold-causing viruses do: through infected people coughing and sneezing, by touching an infected person’s hands or face, or by touching things such as doorknobs that infected people have touched.

These viruses are transmitted between animals and people. SARS, for instance, was believed to have been transmitted from civet cats to humans while MERS travelled from a type of camel to humans. Symptoms The symptoms are similar to any other upper respiratory infection, including runny nose, coughing, sore throat, and sometimes a fever.

In most cases, you won’t know whether you have a coronavirus or a different cold-causing virus, such as rhinovirus.

  • Diagnosis

You could get lab tests through nose and throat cultures and blood work, to find out whether your cold was caused by a coronavirus, but there’s no reason to.

The test results wouldn’t change how you treat your symptoms, which typically go away in a few days. Dangerous levels if a coronavirus infection spreads to the lower respiratory tract (your windpipe and your lungs), it can cause pneumonia, especially in older people, people with heart disease, or people with weakened immune systems.

  • Prevention

There is no vaccine available for coronavirus, prevention will be same like the things you do to avoid the common cold:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water or with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Keep your hands and fingers away from your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are infected. protect others If you have cold-like symptoms, you can help protect others by doing the following
  • Stay home while you are sick
  • Avoid close contact with others
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash and wash your hands
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces

  • Treatment

You can treat a coronavirus infection the same way you treat a cold:

  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Drink fluids.
  • Take over-the-counter medicine for a sore throat and fever. But don’t give aspirin to children or teens younger than 19;
  • Use ibuprofen or acetaminophen instead.
  • Is there any danger to Kurdistan?

Yes because after China, patients recorded in America and Japan, it can be controlled by focusing on travelers between Kurdistan and the infectious lines.

Sahand Soran

Sahand Soran

Chairperson of Media and Publications