What is Hormone Replacement Therapy?

Is a treatment recommended to relieve hormonal deficiency in premature ovarian failure and symptoms of menopause like (bone loss, hot flushes..).

Female hormones, known as estrogen and progesterone are mainly produced in the ovaries until the time of menopause. These hormones play an essential role in developing secondary female characteristics, fertility, bone health and many other health aspects. HRT involves treatment with estrogen alone or in combination with progestin, it can be taken in many forms: tablet, skin patch, gel and cream. They are formulated in a way that mimics the natural hormonal rhythm of the body, and It is important to find the most suitable forms for each individual.

Types of HRT medicines are:

  • Estrogen-only medicines such as: Elestrin, Climara and Divigel
  • Progestin-only medicines such as: Prometrium and Provera
  • Combination estrogen and progesterone medicines such as: Angeliq and Combipatch

What are the side effects of HRT?

Side effects may occur in some women, and generally disappear once the treatment has stopped. Including: vaginal bleeding, cramps, indigestion and headaches

HRT is also associated with more serious risks including: Venous thromboembolism, cardiovascular problems, Breast and endometrial cancer.

Hormone replacement therapy may not be suitable or safe for everyone, hence some women will prefer to consider alternative treatments like Diet change, Regular exercise,

Reducing caffeine and alcohol, Use a vaginal moisturizer for general dryness, intake of calcium and vitamin D and Medications as: Clonidine, Gabapentin and Antidepressants.

Edited by: Dr. pavel Jalal

Rwaida Hassan

Rwaida Hassan

KPSA’s member form Sulaiymanyah Team