On 22 July 2014, the World Federation of Neurology (WFN) launched the first “World Brain Day,” an event dedicated to bringing more attention to the importance of brain health and the prevention of brain diseases, a largely underestimated health problem. World Brain Day is an annual international day of awareness dedicated to a new focus each year. The 2020 theme is Parkinson’s Disease. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a nervous system disorder that affects movements and almost all aspects of brain function.
The brain is one of the largest (1.3-1.4kg) and most complex organs in the human body. It is responsible for everything you do, think, feel, and say- and enable you to go about your daily activities. Here are the 3 main functions of brain:-
• unconscious or ‘automatic’ functions, such as heartbeat, breathing, digestion, regulating blood pressure, and control of body temperature.
• conscious and motor functions, such as movement, balance, posture, and speech.
• Thinking, emotion, behaviour and senses.
How to protect your brain from disease?
Five tips to keep our brain healthy:
High blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking, and diabetes all increase the risk for developing neurodegenerative diseases by impeding blood flow to brain, use lifestyle modification to keep your pressure as low as possible and exercise regularly.
2.Plenty of Quality Sleep
“Sleep is the most important thing you can do to reset the brain, allow it to heal, and to restore mental health. New research shows that during sleep, the brain clears out toxins called beta-amyloids that can lead to Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia.
- Eat Well
A diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids, low in saturated fat, full of the nutrients found in leafy green vegetables, along with whole grains can help keep your brain healthy throughout your life. For many people, this means following the Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes fish, fruits and vegetables, nuts, olive oil, and avocados, while limiting red meat.
- Move Your Body
Walking for 30 minutes a day, taking a dance class, or going for a swim helps keep you slim and fit, and it could improve your cognitive health, too. Exercise boosts blood flow to the brain. And studies have shown it can increase the size of the hippocampus, the part of the brain responsible for memory, which naturally shrinks as you age.
- Be Social
Social interaction helps ward off depression and stress both of which can contribute to memory loss, When you’re socializing, the blood circulates to several different parts of your brain as you’re listening and formulating responses.